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Four types, causes, symptoms, treatment and complications of Uveitis

Blurred vision, light sensitivity and eye swollen may cause inflammation in the eye. There may be a lot of reasons for visiting an ophthalmologist, including uveitis. Uveitis is the inflammation of uvea, the middle layer of the eye, which is blue or almost black. Iris, choroid, and ciliary body form uvea, part of the eye that contains many blood vessels. Other names similar to uvea are the uvealis tract, the uvealis layer and the vascular tunic. Uveitis also has an effect on the lens, retina, optic nerve and vitreous bodies. Inflammation, tissue destruction, and the consequent failure of the visual immune system are the uveitis attack. As a medical emergency, a thorough examination by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist should be performed to determine the extent of the attack. Urgent treatment should follow swelling control.

Uveitis may be chronic, but in some cases a single episode. Illness affects the front, middle or back of the eye. Chronic ciliary and inflammation of the iris simultaneously suffer from pan-uveitis. Four types of uveitis:

Irritation and ciliary arthritis only leads to anterior uveitis

Symptoms of uveitis in the front:

  • Blurred vision
  • light sensitivity
  • eye ​​waves
  • eye ​​drops
  • eye ​​burns
  • abnormal pupil
  • headache
  • dilated ciliary vessels
  • the glass body. Inflammation occurs primarily in the vitreous body, which includes Pars planitic, posterior cyclists and hyalytic. Intermediate uveitis is the first expression of the systemic condition as it is closely related to systemic diseases such as multiple sclerosis. This type of uveitis usually affects children and young adults. However, the condition may occur at any age.

    Symptoms

    • Redness of the Eye
    • Pain
    • Blur of Vision
    • Fotophobia
    • Floaters

    Posterior uveitis attacks the retina and choroid, so the name is choroiditis. The condition is the least frequent among the four categories.

    Symptoms

    • Floaters
    • Blurred vision
    • Photopsies / visible blinking lights

    The ciliary body, iris and chronic inflammation simultaneously result in pan-uveitis, causing severe retinal damage. ] Uveitis okai

    The primary cause of uveitis is not obvious. However, the following may contribute to

    • Surgery
    • Autoimmune disorders such as sarcoidosis, young idiopathic arthritis, sympathetic ophthalmology, spondyloarthritis
    • Inflammatory disorders such as ulcerative colitis
    • Infection such as syphilis, herpes zoster, toxoplasmosis, leptospirosis , Lyme Disease and Brucellosis
    • Eye Cancer
    • Drugs, such as quinolones and rifabutin side effects
    • Genetic predisposing factors such as genotype HLA-B27 and PTPN22

    Diagnosis [19659002]

    • Blood tests
    • Radiological X-rays for the detection of joint arthritis and chest X-rays of sarcoidosis
    • Angiography
    • Dilated Fundus Study

    Uveitis Treatment

    Treatment The primary purpose of uveitis is to reduce inflammation. The ophthalmologist may order the following:

    • Anti-inflammatory eye drops are usually corticosteroids. If not active, corticosteroid tablets or injection
    • Antibiotics and antivirals for the treatment of bacterial and viral infections that may lead to uveitis. In some cases, administration of medicines without corticosteroids works well
    • Immunosuppressive medicines when they occur in both eyes of uveitis and do not respond to corticosteroids Complications

      • Cataract
      • Glaucoma
      • Macular edema
      • Ribbon keratopathy
      • Long-lasting loss of vision
  • Published On : 4 months ago on June 21, 2018
  • Author By :
  • Last Updated : June 21, 2018 @ 1:23 am
  • In The Categories Of : Uncategorized

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