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Glaucoma – a silent fraud

Glaucoma – Silent Fraud

Glaucoma is a serious illness of the eye that can cause serious damage if its early diagnosis is not diagnosed. This is a condition in which normal intraocular pressure or eye pressure rise. Normally, eye pressure or intraocular pressure is 16 to 20 mm Hg. Glaucoma is suspected if the eye pressure is more than 20. Measurements are measured through a tonometer.

Glaucoma is considered to be severe, as it is usually late to notice. By the time they were diagnosed, it would have caused enough damage to the eye. The cause of late detection of the disease – very few symptoms

The person concerned does not experience many problems in his eyes, except for the deterioration of vision. This obscurity of vision is related to age or close eye disease – cataracts occurring in the same 60-70 age group. The other point to mention is that the damage caused is irreversible for most of the time. Correct handling will only prevent further damage. You can not restore lost sight. Therefore, it is necessary to diagnose as soon as possible.

THE PROBLEM MAGNITUDATA:

The problem of glaucoma in developing countries due to poverty, ignorance and unsystematic healthcare system. It is estimated that each hospital has a single glaucoma in each hospital and is due to glaucoma for every 100 vaccines per 100 patients. According to a survey conducted in various parts of India, the frequency of glaucoma is 14-25%, while in developed countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, the same number is 12-13%.

The eye also has the same pressure as blood is the body's pressure.

Usually this pressure is about 10-20 m. Hg. The ophthalmic surgeon suspects that glaucoma will increase if this number rises.

TYPES OF GLAUCOMA:

There are predominantly three types of glaucoma. Open Angle Glaucoma 2. Closed-Gauge Glaucoma 3. Congenital Glaucoma

OPEN ANGLE GLAUCOMA:

This is the most common variant of glaucoma and the least symptoms.

Both women and men are seen in almost equal proportions. Usually it appears in the 60-70 age group. The significance of the disease lies in its very late appearance as it causes very few symptoms.

Main symptoms of the patient: blurred vision, difficulties in close-ups such as reading, writing, etc., the need to change glasses, changes in the field of vision. This kind of glaucoma would generally have injured an eye, and the damage would have started with the other eye. The delay is partly due to the fact that the central area of ​​vision lasts until the end of the illness. For all these reasons, such diagnosis of glaucoma should be diagnosed as soon as possible. The following are the criteria that help in early diagnosis – 1. Eyeball pressure (intraocular pressure) 2. Change of optical disc. 3. Changes in Visual Space

Changes in the field of vision primarily include: – the appearance of a large number of vision-free areas, which means that a given area of ​​the optic nerve is destroyed. The other change is the extent of the normal opening blind point and the contraction of the peripheral field of vision, which means that more and more optical nerve fibers are lost.

Precise causes of eye enlargement are unknown. But they think there is some kind of blockage in place where the aqueous fluid is absorbed into the blood.

TREATMENT:

Many medicines are used in medical management, but mostly use Timolol, pilocarpine, and epirine. But the advantage of these drugs for the pig is that they need longevity. So, for most of the time, it is advisable to carry out the surgery, which ensures continuous maintenance of the eye pressure. Recently, laser (non-surgical treatment) selective laser trabeculoplasty has had good results in many patients.

GLAUCOMA NARROW ANGLE:

Unlike the previous type of glaucoma, this type has many

is a symptom that involves patients in the eyewitness or who see the eye.

It's more visible to women in 50-60 years, especially those who are

They are very tense and nervous in tendency and usually have instability in their vasomotor responses.

The patient feels he begins to begin to see vision blur, then he sometimes experiences colored haloes around the light, mild headaches sometimes appear. Then suddenly he feels severe headaches, he feels severe pain with only one eye, abundant watering, sudden acute mascara, and above all the patient sees sudden loss of vision. At this stage when

The patient points to the eye specialist, a detailed examination shows that the eye is particularly red, the vision is significantly reduced (almost

blind) and the intraocular pressure is 80-85 mm Hg (very hard eyeballs.) Each eye doctor recognizes this stage as an emergency and takes immediate action to reduce eye pressure.

The angle of the front chamber to the high pressure of the eyeball is transmitted from the rear chamber to the front chamber. Therefore, this type of glaucoma gets its name – narrow-angle glaucoma

TREATMENT:

Initial treatment to reduce eye pressure using eye drops such as pilocarpine, timolol and acetazolamide tablets but if the pressure in the 80 range may be necessary mannitol intravenous drops to immediately reduce eye pressure. But whatever may be initial treatment,

is the ultimate treatment for surgery or surgery. The aim of the operation is to create a transition between the front and the back chamber for the aqueous liquid. Sometimes an argon laser is used to create this part instead of surgery. Another important issue for this type of glaucoma is prophylactic surgery or laser treatment with the other normal eye, even though it has never shown any signs or symptoms in the disease. It is advisable to prevent the acute attack of the other eye because narrow-angle glaucoma is usually bilateral.

It is always advisable to reduce intraocular pressure to a reasonably acceptable level. If properly treated, the almost blind eye recovers visually. If long-term treatment is not initiated at this stage, the patient may enter these types of acute attacks twice or three times in 2-3 months.

CONGENITAL GLAUCOMA OR BUPHTHALMOS:

Both eyes are generally affected, they have seen more boys than girls. It can be quickly detected after birth or later in childhood 3-4 years. In most cases, the failure of tissue formation is in the range of the angle of the front chamber. This results in a global increase in pressure across the globe, which causes the whole eyeball to look like the big eyeball of the buffalo and is therefore the name Buphthalmos.

Buphthalmos treatment is purely surgical, but in most cases is not sufficient

Glaucoma is sometimes regarded as a secondary condition, which is primarily a disease of the eye.

As you have pointed out, it is always advisable to diagnose glaucoma as soon as possible due to severe damage to the eye to the eye. Since glaucoma with the most common variant open-angle glaucoma does not have many symptoms, it is advisable to perform regular eye exams within one to two years, up to 50 years of age, from a competent eye specialist. It is always advisable to refract the test or to test the eyeglasses 40 at the relevant eye surgery instead of being a optometrist or a technician in the glasses store.

  • Published On : 4 weeks ago on May 27, 2018
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  • Last Updated : May 27, 2018 @ 7:17 am
  • In The Categories Of : Uncategorized

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