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Eye injuries – if you do not have a doctor

Eyes are the direct extension of the brain and the surrounding tissues among the most complex and complex structures of the body. Therefore, there may be a risk of visual injury to the eye, although it may be harmless. Here's what we can do before we get medical attention:

Poets can think of their eyes as a window to the soul, but more practically, they're our window to the world. And for a doctor the window of the rest of the body, as general health / bad health is reflected in his eyes.

Although the eyelid reflexes are very advanced and the bony pads of the eyes, the so-called paths, the eyes are very vulnerable to injuries – the primary cause of one-eyed blindness, especially among children.

As for the need for fast medical care, it often occurs that there are far more eyes than the eyes. An obviously minor injury with minimal evidence of tissue injury or disruption of vision may turn out to be a vision-threatening crisis. This is especially possible if a small, unrecognizable alien body that leads to a hidden, penetrating wound into the eyes of the eye, says it is an ophthalmic microsurgery and contact lens specialist. "Even if there is no cosmetic contamination or deterioration of vision after eye damage, it requires fast medical care, as time factor plays a crucial role in the prognosis (outcome). Retinal damage (which may spontaneously break) may delay the chance of seeing cure corrections. "

Here are some of the injuries we must keep in mind: the type of superficial injury is higher for children who are in dusty environments and among factory employees such as welders and grinders who are prone to damage to metal particles. Symptoms: Pain, sometimes shot pain, blur vision, irrigation, redness; or injury may be asymptomatic. do not rub the eyes, because it forces this stranger to deeper. Do not scratch the eyelids or eyeballs.

What to do: If the object is visible, lift it gently with a damp, clean cloth or ear pad. If the object is visible, lift it gently with a damp, clean cloth or ear pad. If the object persists, rinse the eye with water. If you can not remove or see it, easily cover the eye with a 2 & # 39; x2 & # 39; & # 39; sterile gauze (preferably with a sterile pair of eyes in the chemist) and sealed with a gypsum or cell membrane. Take a man to an ophthalmologist

This is a collision result like a blunt object like a fist or stone or collision on a hard surface like a door or a person . If an elderly person has retinal tears (weakly retinas, vision partners and people with hypertension are more sensitive), rapid detection and closure of laser or chronic wounds could prevent seizures such as retinal detachment. For young people, the retina will take longer to detach itself – it may take a few weeks or months after injury to the vitreous body, the gel that holds the retina in place and liquefies. Symptoms: ] Eyelid and surrounding tissues swell and sting (blue). The eye may be a blood clot, indicating the bleeding under the conjunctiva (a colorless membrane without color) or the damage to the surface blood vessel. In the event of retinal detachment, victims may report lightning, swelling, loss of vision or "veil" in relation to part or all of the visual area. If the person is double vision, the damage can be very serious.

What To Do:

  • If the lens carries the eye, remove them first, as the lens may endanger the cornea's oxygenation, especially if the conjunctiva has a great deal of contusion, which can damage the cornea and damage it.
  • put crushed ice in a clean handkerchief and bring it over the eye.
  • Take the eyes as eye-catcher as soon as possible to exclude internal eye bleeding, glabrous bleeding (vitriol bleeding) and retinal injury

. ] Internal eye bleeding on the front of the eye (hyphema) may require regular or occasional ophthalmologist visits to check eye pressure (intra-eye pressure of movement of aqueous fluid). If internal bleeding is accompanied by persistent high pressure, it may lead to permanent corneal accumulation (so-called "blood dyeing") that is irreversible and may lead to blindness unless corneal vaccination (a donor corneal vaccine from the dead) scratches on the surface of the cornea by blowing from a blunt object, scalding by burning foods, oil or scum caused by fumes emitted by airborne foreign particles

If the wearer of the contact lens suddenly causes severe pain, sensitivity (photosensitivity), irrigation and causes redness, it may be caused by the lens's wear, especially when the symptoms are unioacular (with one eye occurring).

Pregnant and lactating women who wear contact lenses should always pay attention to wear, as they are more prone to corneal edema (swelling of the cornea due to hormonal changes) and wear. Symptoms: then sometime in the throat, sprain (alien body sensation), irrigation and redness; or injury may be asymptomatic.

NE rub the eye because the action may damage the wear or deeper penetration of the outer particle.

Do not scratch the eyelids or eyeballs. What To Do: The contact lens wearers should remove the lenses as soon as possible. If the particle is visible, raise it gently with a damp, clean cloth or ear pad. If the object still remains, pour the eye with clear water from the inner corner of the eye (near the nose) to try to dry out the foreign body. If the object is not visible, use an antibiotic eyelid if available. Easily cover your eyes with a 2 "x2" sterile gauze and seal it with gypsum or cellotape. Do not use corticosteroids as it may exacerbate wear or cause corneal ulceration (pits). Take a look at an eye specialist.


These are caused by injury to a blunt or sharp intruder. They are an emergency and require immediate hospital treatment and treatment. The sclera (white, opaque, outer eye shadow) is worse than the available cornea because scleral tears generally cause damage to the chord (the dark, vascular membrane between the sclera and the retina), the retina and the vitreous body – . Symptoms: are dependent on the size and extent of laceration. If the tear is large (for example, in case of a major accident), the eyeball may seem mutilated and external bleeding (blood escapes from the eyes), accompanied by severe pain.

What to Do: Easily put your eyes on you with a clear gauze and snapping your eyes to the hospital. Laceration always requires immediate hospital treatment. If the optic nerve interferes with the brain, it can cause an infection in the brain.


Children playing with a rocket are common in wounds or holes caused by the location of an alien object, such as darts, needles, balls and arrows, and factory workers. Symptoms: pain, watery eyes, blur or loss of vision. The puncture caused by the object is visible or not visible. NE Use to remove the stuffed object, such as a needle or sharp metal piece from your eyes as it may cause an infection. In addition, if the body does not leak, the body can not be restored or replaced and may cause blindness. The object must be subtracted within the aseptic boundaries of an operating theater. Easily cover the affected eye and preferably the other eye as when an eye moves, the other eye repeats movement (sympathetic eye movement), which can damage the eye. Accelerate people to the hospital because any delay can lead to the brain in the optic nerve (especially when exposed), which can cause brain abscess or meningitis.

There is a need for sophisticated tests such as sonography or CAT scan to determine the degree of damage and to detect that the hidden object is not visible and remains so that it can lead to sympathetic ophthalmic behavior that results in a condition that causes violent inflammation causes damage to the injured eye for weeks, months after injury


The most commonly burned fire (fire), other damage to electric shock, chemicals (acids and bases) and fumes. Symptoms: Symptoms: Severe pain, swelling of the eyelids and burns. Chemical Burns: Rinse the eyes thoroughly for 10 to 15 minutes. Liberally apply antibiotic ointment to your eyes, cover your eyes with a loose wet dressing room and seal it with cellotape or plaster.

Try the person at the nearest hospital, preferably in a burning hospital if there is one near you. Often, when severe burns in the rest of the body are severe, eyes are neglected because the participating team is inclined to concentrate on the skin's burn, especially when it is tertiary. But eyes can be avoided in the list of permanent burns. Quickly cover the eyes to protect the cornea from exposure to dehydration and lack of tears (if tears are damaged). The symptoms of "dry eye" can be treated with frequent installation of artificial tears (Moisol) and lubricating ointment. Ina's major accident, in which the orbital roof or the orbital soil breaks down, the eyeball jumps out of the socket.

Symptoms: The patient is usually unconscious. The eye can partially pull up or hang out of the socket. If wants to take the eye to the socket unconscious, close the unharmed eye when it is open because the unconscious person has no neutral blinking effect to whisper tears in the eye visible parts. The unprotected eye quickly dries and is susceptible to permanent damage. Even if there is only one eye, we both cover both eyes with gauze and run into a hospital.

Slight injuries

These occur when the cover or crash, pebbles or crashes.

Symptoms: Cover is swollen and damaged. The tear may bleed.

What to do: Close the affected eye. Use cold compression to stop bleeding. Clean your eyes with pure gauze and take the person to the ophthalmologist. For tearing, it would be necessary to sew wrinkles to minimize scarring. If the tear is damaged, it must be reconstructed.

Serious tears in the lower eyelids may lead to interruption of the break system, so do not delay the treatment. What to do: Separate the eyelids and remove the loose pieces manually

If the injury is severe, , and the substrate has cracked or may need to be overcome.


Arteriosclerotic (plaque-thickened) body can be located in central retinal artery or in smaller blood vessels. Symptoms: Complete blindness when administered in the central retinal artery; and blurred vision when it is in smaller ships. What to Do: This is a serious emergency and the person must be taken to hospital immediately. If fluid from the front (forward) chamber is immediately evacuated, ie within 30 minutes of occlusion, you can restore vision. However, this is rare and the normal outcome of the central retinal obstruction is total and permanent loss of vision.

  • Published On : 4 years ago on March 27, 2018
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  • Last Updated : March 27, 2018 @ 3:56 am
  • In The Categories Of : Uncategorized

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